|Title||Letter references a Masonic body over which Garibaldi presided and a long, but inapporopriate comparison of its legitimacy with the struggle of African Americans to be Masons. Letter|
|Scope & Content||
Letter references a Masonic body over which Garibaldi presided and a long, but inapporopriate, comparison of its legitimacy with the struggle of African Americans to be Masons.
Nevertheless, I can say with some certainty that this "body" is the Rite of Memphis and Misraim (Ancient and Primitive Rite) since Garibaldi is known to have presided over this rite and also that many, many American Masons erroneously believe and enact prejudice against the A. & P. Rite as being clandestine--owing to the history of its promulgation in this country. This rite is not clandestine. Rather, it is practiced by some clandestine groups--which doesn't necessarily make the rite clandestine. In fact, several regular jusridictions allow their lodges to practice it--namely the Grand Orient of Italy and the Regular Grand Lodge of Romania.